The world’s population is ageing. People aged 60 and above currently account for 12.3% of the world’s population. This is expected to increase to 16.5% by 2030 and 21.5% by 2050. People’s experiences of later life vary hugely depending on where they live.
The Global AgeWatch Index assesses the factors determining the social and economic wellbeing of people around the world. The Index measures four key domains – income security, health status, capability and enabling environment – and considers a total of thirteen indicators, including pension income coverage, psychological wellbeing, employment of older people, and physical safety.
As in 2013 and 2014, the top 19 places were taken by industrialised nations, and Africa was overrepresented at the bottom, with countries from the region occupying seven of the 10 lowest places. The other lowest scorers all share a background of conflict.
Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Germany, Canada, the Netherlands, Iceland, Japan, the USA and the UK were the top ten countries in the overall rankings of the Global AgeWatch Index.
The bottom ten (from the lowest up) were Afghanistan, Malawi, Mozambique, the West Bank and Gaza, Pakistan, Tanzania, Zambia, Rwanda, Uganda and Iraq.
Switzerland, with nearly 24% of its population over 60, has a range of policies and programmes on active ageing, promoting capability, health and the enabling environment for older people. Afghanistan, with 4% of its population over 60, has few local or national policies to promote the wellbeing of older people.
Read the full report here.