A recent report from Bloomberg Philanthropies and LSE Cities has outlined key demographic shifts in Europe.

GDP per capita has grown fastest in Central and Eastern Europe, particularly in Lithuania, Moldova and Albania. Cluj-Napoca, Transylvania, has seen an annual rise of 4.1%. However, its GDP per capita is still barely more than 10% of that of Copenhagen.

In most countries, only smaller cities are shrinking – for example Brest, France; Sunderland, UK; and Bilbao, Spain ­– suggesting that larger cities attract migrants from within their countries. Tirana, Albania’s capital, has an average population growth rate of 2.8% despite general depopulation at the country level.

The cities receiving the most migrants born in other countries are those in the Northwest – the cities bordering the North Sea and English Channel. In London, UK; Lausanne, Switzerland; and Mannheim, Germany, foreign-born residents make up more than 40% of the population. In Eastern cities, the foreign-born percentage of the population does not exceed 5%.

Nine in ten cities face higher youth unemployment than general unemployment, although overall youth unemployment varies significantly, even within individual countries.

Read the full report here.

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